The website http://europa.eu/pol/educ/index_en.htm contains useful information about the structure of the European Union
and its sector
Education, training and youth
Building a dynamic future
Top-quality education and training are vital if Europe is to develop as a knowledge society and compete effectively in the globalized economy. Education policy as such is decided by each EU country, but together they set joint goals and share best practices.
The EU funds programs that help citizens make the most of their personal development and the EU’s economic potential by studying, training or doing volunteer work in other countries.
Educational exchanges, for students and teachers
For 2007-13, the EU has allocated almost € 13 billion to lifelong learning and worldwide exchanges. The main programmes are:
Leonardo da Vinci: vocational training, particularly placements for young apprentices and trainees in businesses outside their own country, and cooperation projects linking vocational training institutes and businesses.
Erasmus: student mobility and university cooperation. 2.5 million participants since 1987. Erasmus Mundus allows post-graduate students and academics from all over the world to obtain a Masters or PhD through courses involving consortia of at least three European universities.
Grundtvig: adult education programmes, particularly transnational partnerships, networks and mobility.
Comenius cooperation between schools and their teachers, plus pupil exchanges at secondary school level and school partnerships over the Internet (eTwinning).
Marie Curie: professional training and international mobility opportunities for researchers, from post-graduate level on.
EU funding also promotes policy cooperation, language learning, e learning and dissemination, and exchange of best practices.